Inferencing is an example of reading comprehension skills. If you can infer well, that means you understand the context of what you are reading. When you know how to make inferences, you become a better reader.
What is inference?
Inference is a mental process that allows you to make a judgment or to reach a conclusion about what you read or heard. In order to infer, you need to make connections between what you read and what you already know. It helps you to fill in the gaps of your knowledge. For example, you read about an event that happened at a party. You know that the party was a success because you see people smiling and laughing. You can make inferences from what you read. Here is an example: Imagine that you are in a restaurant and you hear someone talking about a party that took place last night. You know that the party must have been successful because everyone seems happy. You can infer from the conversation that the party was a success.
If you are not able to make inferences, then you will not be able to understand what you are reading. You cannot read if you don’t understand the context. As you are going through your reading material, you have to infer meaning from the text. If you find it difficult to infer meaning, then you are probably making errors in your reading. The more you practice, the easier it will get for you.
What are inferences?
An inference is a mental process in which you make a judgment or reach a conclusion about what you read or heard. The following are examples of inferences:
— A student wrote a letter to his/her teacher about his/her grade. He/she inferred that the letter would be well received because the teacher always gave him/her good grades.
— A student read about an event that took place at a party. She/he inferred that the party must have been a success because everyone was smiling and laughing.
— A student read a story about a young man who was arrested for selling marijuana. He/she inferred that the young man was a criminal because he/she knew that selling marijuana was illegal.
Inferencing is a complex process, so it will take some time to master. As you read more, you will become more adept at making inferences. You will also need to practice making inferences in order to improve your comprehension skills.